The German Shepherd dog often abbreviated as the GSD or German Shepherd dog is originally from Germany and it was originally called in German Deutsche shafa honed or DSH.
German shepherds are known for their intelligence, loyalty and their bit ability, they’re curious, loyal , alert, confident and great companions for the right person.
Even though there are several different types of German shepherds they all stemmed back to Max Finch definites who is credited with founding the German Shepherd Dog on the basis of his belief that a dog should be bred for working, Max started the sv the Schaefer on vine also known as the Society for the German Shepherd which today still stands for the proper breeding and continuation of the breed. The s-view was established and has been continuously run since inception in 1899 German Shepherds have remained one of the most popular dog breeds for many years by the AKC and the UKC they’ve consistently been in the top ten dog breeds in the world.
German Shepherds are a medium to large breed dog weighing approximately 70 to 95 pounds for males and 55 to 73 pounds for females male dogs measure from 60 to 65 centimetres or 20 to 24 inches at the withers and females measure between 55 to 60 centimeters which is 22 to 24 inches at the withers.
German Shepherds have an average lifespan of 9 to 14 years; many of them can reach the upper side of this if they are properly bred, well cared for and loved.
German shepherds can have some health issues including hip and elbow dysplasia bloat epilepsy cataracts degenerative disc disease and more good breeders will strive to minimize these risks through selective breeding.
German Shepherds are classified into the herding group by the AKC but are most often used in obedience protection work search and rescue and military as well as police work.
German Shepherds are often best known for the sport of schutzhund which translates as protection dog. It is a sport that is specifically designed for the German Shepherd to harness three primary skills: obedience protection and tracking.
German Shepherds are also skilled dogs and obedience, agility , nose work and many other dog sports.
German shepherds can basically be broken down into a few different types working lines, show lines and pet lines;
The show lines are further divisible into AKC and UKC type show dogs and the Seger working show line dogs the AKC or UKC line dogs are known for their extreme looks are generally larger in size and others some nearing over a hundred pounds and they tend to show over angulation or the slope in the lower backs, this has become more and more common in recent years and has received much criticism, these dogs oftentimes do a little more than their conformation shows and perhaps some basic obedience they’re basically not cut out for the hard work that was intended for the German Shepherd Dog.
The Seeger type show line dogs are bred for both temperament and looks in these German Shepherds, there is less angulation more moderation in size and these dogs will need to show protection skills as well as obedience skills to receive their ratings, these ratings are very important for potential breeding good breeders will only breed to a title and paper dogs are very regulated in Germany by the SV.
Working line dogs are often not considered as pretty by some people as the show line dogs but they are bred for solid conformation temperament and workability these are the dogs most closely resemble the dogs that Max Lynch definites would have bred and are the best specimens of the breed, these German Shepherds are often higher and drive energy and need more of a working home in order to be successful proper socialization is the key to prevent dog or human aggression and these dogs require a strong Handler, working line German Shepherds also need a sense of structure and require regular training to thrive daily training proper socialization good genetics all will help these dogs be the very best they can be, working line dogs do not do well in non-working environment they can become destructive, these German Shepherds are only suited for a trainer or handler who will give the dog the training and stimulation that this type of dog needs.
Show line German Shepherds are often softer on their nerves and may not be as able to handle the stresses of a working life and should not be placed into a situation that will cause them to fail, show line dogs oftentimes make much better pets for people since their need for stimulation is drastically less than their working line counterparts.
Another type of German Shepherd is the everyday pet line dog, these dogs can come from one of two places either unregulated backyard type breeding or fallouts from the working and show line dogs.
We would much prefer someone to look at the dogs from a good solid working line or show line dogs that didn’t make the cut as opposed to looking to a dog that was bred by a backyard breeder when breeders find a puppy that’s not cut out for the specific purpose they still have all the good genetics that they were bred for but they don’t have the basic skills or ability to cut it in either the show ring or in the working ring breeders will often sell these puppies off to a pet home then they’ll often ask the owners not to breed this dog because it’s not a proper continuation of the breed.
German Shepherds have several different coat colors and patterns the most popular is probably the black and tan saddle the rin-tin-tin look and it can range from a light tan to a deep mahogany mixed with the standard black, the pigmentation can run from light to dark bicolor dogs are those that have mostly black coat with brown leg and undersides the solid black.
German Shepherds are solid black with no other color present anywhere on their coat, Sables which is a mix of silver gray and tan hairs tipped with black the sable is considered the original dog sharing its DNA with their wolf ancestors it is the only color that didn’t stray from max lunch defines his ideology.
White German Shepherds are banned from registration in Germany and are seen as a flaw, some people specifically breed for the white chairman Shepherds but breeding for color alone is not the best idea because of the inbreeding and genetic issues that can arise the AKC will register a white German Shepherd that they are disqualified from the conformation ring.
German shepherds make great companions but it’s important to get the right one unless you’re Intending on participating in active dog sport such as protection agility and such don’t get a high Drive high energy working line German Shepherd regardless of your level of activity be aware that a German Shepherd needs good socialization early on, training and structure for its entire life and a healthy balanced and active lifestyle.